(From May of 2004, the National Library of Australia archives this site annually. See e.g. here)


My full name is Dr. John Joseph RAY (JR for short). I was born of Australian pioneer stock in 1943 at Innisfail in the State of Queensland in Australia. I was, in other words, born in the Tropics, like my parents and all of my grandparents before me. After an early education at Innisfail State Rural School and Cairns State High School, I taught myself for matriculation. I took my B.A. in Psychology from the University of Queensland in Brisbane. I then moved to Sydney (in New South Wales, Australia) and took my M.A. in psychology from the University of Sydney in 1969 and my Ph.D. in Behavioural Sciences from Macquarie University in 1974.

I first tutored in psychology at Macquarie University and then taught sociology at the University of New South Wales. I taught primarily social psychology and research methods. My major research interests lay in psychological authoritarianism, conservatism, racism and achievement motivation -- resulting in over 250 academic publications all told. My major book was Conservatism as heresy, published in 1974. Another copy here

At age 39 in 1983 I retired permanently from academic employment and moved back to Brisbane, Queensland, to concentrate on business and personal interests. I have been married four times and have one son born in 1987. My favourite recreation is listening to baroque music -- particularly the the music of J.S. Bach. (Click here to listen to some famous background music from that period). You can find some more extensive autobiographical notes here or here.

My preferred email address is jonjayray@hotmail.com but jonjayray@gmail.com also gets me

To see a photo of me (not advised!) See here or for lots of good photos see here. And for some pictures of bureaucracy at work, see here or here


Simply click on the document header you wish to view. There is a list of all my publications in normal reference order (i.e. first by name and then in chronological order and then by arbitrary a, b, c etc notations) here. Click on the name of any article to read it online.

Because there are so many of my published papers, I provide three further ways of accessing them. In addition to the chronological list, there is also an alphabetical list and a subject index immediately following:

Here are twenty-three lists of my articles under various classifications:




Achievement motivation

Neuroticism and anxiety

Dogmatism and mental rigidity


Social Class



Analytical philosophy

A-B personality and heart disease

Questionnaire acquiescence

Survey research methods



South Africa

Dutch Follies

Critiques of other writers

Articles of libertarian interest

Articles relevant to Eysenck's theories

Articles using the "Directiveness" scale

Table of contents for Conservatism as heresy

The topical lists above do not at all however exhaust the topics I have written on. They are simply the topics on which I have written most. There are other topics on which I have written one or two papers only. See my complete list of publications (in order of publication date) for these.

Finally, I have also subdivided my articles in terms of where they were published. There is a list of articles published in The Journal of Social Psychology, a list of articles in Personality and Individual Differences, a list of articles published in Australian academic journals (including The Australian Journal of Psychology), a list of articles published in British academic journals and a list of articles published in political journals. Most of the latter are in Political Psychology. I had lots of articles published in other journals but those five categories are probably the most useful.

You can also view an alphabetical list of just my published papers. Copyright restrictions must of course be observed with the published papers.

There is also a separate list of unpublished papers. You may use those papers in any way you like as long as proper acknowledgment of their source is made and my email address is given (Jonjayray@hotmail.com). Any abridgments or alterations must also be clearly noted if the paper is further reproduced or circulated. Note that some of the unpublished papers have near equivalents that were published.

CLICK HERE to view Published papers by J.J. Ray that are online here (in alphabetical order of title).
CLICK HERE to view Unpublished papers by J.J. Ray that are online here (in alphabetical order of title).
(To download any of the documents, simply Cut and Paste)

And just for fun, here are some Poems, some Jokes some Famous Sayings, Some short original plays mainly for home performance and a few notes on the more amusing Follies of the English language

So what are my conclusions from all that research?

My conclusion is that self-reports cannot reliably deliver accurate information about political psychology. The unreliability of self-reports is of course a byword so psychologists have devised various ways of allowing for that. Almost all of my research was based on self-reports so I routinely used all the common methods of dealing with their inherent problems. In addition, I used one that is most unusual in psychological research: I confined my research almost entirely to general population samples. Psychologists normally do their research by surveying university and college students and many of such respondents are too "wised up" for the precautions against misleading answers to work well. They tend to give the answers that they think the psychologist wants to hear and are rather good at doing so.

Even my high level of "precautiousness" was, however, in my final analysis, not good enough when one is examining political attitudes, and it was political attitudes that I was most interested in. What Leftists, in particular, said about themselves lined up very poorly with what is known from history about Leftist behaviour. For example, Leftists are great lovers of a powerful central authority, as preached by Hegel and as seen in Communist movements worldwide, yet there is never any trace of that in survey research results. One would in fact gather from their responses that they are against all that. The supporters of big government tend to portray themselves as opposed to everything about it. Leftists just seem unable to acknowledge their own real attitudes and motivations. The real motivations of Leftists would seem too dismal to be acknowledged.

So in the end, I think my results do have an important function: They discredit the entire discipline of political psychology insofar as it is based on survey research, which it mostly is. History is our only source of reasonable inferences about human political motivation.


The published and unpublished articles listed above were all written while the internet was in its infancy and were written for publication in academic journals on paper. Since then, however, I have written much that has appeared at various sites on the internet . Click HERE for a menu of my internet publications.

Plus An ancestral document -- and -- Some Christmas letters -- and -- My recipe collection (All in one file here)

You should also be able to find on this site a selection of articles by others that I have "saved". Some I agree with and some I do not but for one reason or another I would like them to remain available. The internet is notorious for "vanishing" articles so I try to cope with and overcome that in a few cases. See here. If the files fail to come up, try here and here and here

*** If you are reading this page in a frame and want to escape the frame, cut and paste into the address field of your browser one of the following:


"Tongue Tied" blog (Backup here)
"Dissecting Leftism" blog (Backup here)
"Australian Politics" blog (Backup here)
"Gun Watch" blog (Backup here)
"Education Watch International" blog (Backup here)
"Political Correctness Watch" blog (Backup here)
"Greenie Watch" blog (Backup here)
"Food & Health Skeptic" blog (Backup here)
"Eye on Britain" blog (Backup here)
"Immigration Watch International" blog. (Backup here).
"Leftists as Elitists" blog (Not now regularly updated -- Backup here or here)
"Marx & Engels in their own words" blog (Not now regularly updated -- Backup here or here)
"A scripture blog" (Not now regularly updated -- Backup here or here)
Recipe blog (Not now regularly updated -- Backup here)
"Some memoirs" (Occasionally updated -- Backup here)
"Paralipomena" (Irregularly updated. Not backed up)
"Obama Watch" blog (No longer being updated -- Backup here)
"Socialized Medicine" blog (Backup here) No longer being updated

There are also two blogspot blogs which record what I think are my main recent articles here and here. Similar content can be more conveniently accessed via my list of short articles here or here (I rarely write long articles these days)

Note: The blog backups above are for the times when blogger.com is having downtime (fortunately now rare) and also for people behind the great firewall of China.

Pictorial Home Page (Backup here).
Selected pictures from my blogs (Backup here)
Another picture page (Best with broadband. Rarely updated)


Very often in my writings, I link back to previous articles of mine as a way of making available a more detailed treatment of a given subject. It's a pervasive academic practice. At times, however, the link concerned will cease to work after a while -- usually for reasons beyond my control. In such cases the article concerned is still available -- but at a different address. To find the article, putting one of the following in front of the filename will generally recover the article concerned:




For example, you might be trying to access articles as follows:



Neither article is now available at those addresses but you can find other versions as follows:



"Dead" links are a besetting problem on the net but "difficulties exist to be overcome"! Who said that? I think it is usually attributed to Maria Montessori but Hitler had his own predictably aggressive version of it too: "Widerstaende sind nicht da, dass man vor ihnen kapituliert, sondern dass man sie bricht". Breaking things won't work in this instance, though. The Wayback Machine is also a good way of recovering "lost" files.